Varicose Veins Symptoms


What Are They?

Varicose veins are caused when the valves that restrict blood flow back to superficial veins are weakened. This results in pooled blood in the lower extremities, most often the legs. They cause uncomfortable symptoms such as heaviness, aching, swelling, throbbing, and itching. Some varicose veins are not visible even though they exist just below the surface of the skin.

Everyone is affected by varicose veins differently. While some feel intense pain, others may feel a slight discomfort. Varicose veins are caused by a combination of factors. These include: age, hormonal changes, weight, prolonged sitting or standing, and family history.

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Complications Resulting From Untreated Varicose Veins

While oftentimes varicose veins are an unsightly nuisance, they can sometimes cause serious health problems.
It is important to discuss any changes to your varicose veins with your healthcare provider as they may be signs of a more serious problem.
The most common complications that result from varicose veins are:

 

Skin Ulcers or Sores

These are caused by a prolonged period of pooling blood. They can be incredibly painful and unable to heal until the vein has been repaired.

Superficial Thrombophlebitis

This means that a blood clot has formed just below the surface of the skin. Watch out for symptoms: firm, tender or warm veins, painful swelling, and tenderness.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Instead of a clot just below the surface of the skin, this occurs when a clot forms in a deep vein. Its most common symptom is a tugging sensation in the calf in combination with redness and swelling of the vein. Deep Vein Thrombosis can be fatal.